2. French authorities confirm Pegasus infiltration


Box

2. French authorities confirm Pegasus infiltration
France’s state cybersecurity company, the National Agency for the Security of Information Systems (Anssi), has discovered traces of Pegasus spy ware in telephones of French journalists.

  • In the evaluation of the cellphone of a France 24 journalist, Anssi discovered identifiers that had been additionally discovered amongst different Moroccan targets of Pegasus, French every day Le Monde reports. His cellphone quantity was on the Pegasus database reported on by a number of media retailers, however was not analysed by Amnesty International’s cybersecurity division.
  • The evaluation of telephones of two Mediapart journalists was carried out as a part of a judicial investigation. Anssi reached the identical conclusions as these of Amnesty’s cybersecurity division on the fact of Pegasus an infection, its modalities, dates and length, Mediapart reports.

Why it issues: Whilst Citizen Lab, the cybersecurity lab on the University of Toronto, in its peer review had verified the forensic evaluation by Amnesty, that is the primary time a significant authorities company has executed so.

France has additionally…

  • … investigating stories of Pegasus surveillance. French President Emmanuel Macron’s cellphone quantity was within the Pegasus database, probably added by Moroccon businesses.
  • …. pressured Israel to analyze NSO Group.
  • … supplied its ministers with new secure devices to make sure knowledge safety and confidentiality.

Note: Amnesty’s Security Lab had analysed 67 telephones, and located 23 had been efficiently attacked and 14 confirmed indicators of an tried hack. These included telephones of Indian political strategist Prashant Kishor and journalists Siddharth Varadarajan (The Wire) and Sushant Singh (previously with The Indian Express). The numbers had been on a database of fifty,000 potential Pegasus targets.

The Supreme Court of India stated it would hear the PILs on the problem subsequent week.

  • Journalists N. Ram and Sashi Kumar had filed a petition in search of an impartial probe, arguing such surveillance violates Articles 14 (equality earlier than the regulation), 19 (freedom of expression) and 21 (safety of life and private liberty). Serial litigant M.L. Sharma, too, has filed a petition.
5 THINGS FIRST

Today: twelfth spherical of India-China navy talks on border row; Olympics day 8: Athletics (ladies’s 100m last, combined 4×100 last, males’s discus throw last), PV Sindhu in badminton ladies’s singles semifinal; Pooja Rani in ladies’s boxing middleweight quarterfinal; Tomorrow: Olympics day 9: Athletics (males’s 100m last, males’s excessive soar last, ladies’s triple soar last) India vs Great Britain, males’s hockey quarterfinal, Satish Kumar in males’s boxing super-heavyweight quarterfinal; Home vaccination for bed-ridden individuals begins in Mumbai; World Lung Cancer Day

1. No debate on Pegasus = No debate on payments
1. No debate on Pegasus = No debate on bills
Bills with out debate

  • Both Houses of Parliament handed essential payments this week amid disruptions, adjournments and protests by opposition MPs primarily over the Pegasus problem. Most of those payments had been handed both with none debate or with out opposition MPs being current.
  • On Monday, Lok Sabha handed two payments — the Factoring Regulation Bill (aimed toward serving to the MSME sector) and the National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management Bill — and not using a debate. Rajya Sabha confronted a whole washout.
  • On Tuesday, the Upper House handed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill, which can substitute a nine-decade-old regulation governing lighthouses, amid protests.
  • On Wednesday, the Rajya Sabha handed the Juvenile Justice Bill and not using a debate. In Lok Sabha, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill, which gives a decision course of for harassed MSMEs, was handed with out debate.
  • On Thursday, Lok Sabha handed two payments amid din, earlier than being adjourned for the day. While the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Bill took 13 minutes to be handed, the Inland Vessels Bill was handed in simply 6 minutes. Rajya Sabha too handed the Factoring Regulation Bill within the midst of disruptions.
  • On Friday, RS proceedings had been adjourned until Monday amid protests however after passing the Coconut Development Board Bill with out debate. Lok Sabha proceedings had been adjourned too.


Non-issue for Centre

  • Parliamentary affairs minister Pralhad Joshi on Friday stated the controversy was a “non-issue” and the federal government was prepared for discussions “on people-related issues”.


Why it issues

  • One method wherein MPs maintain the federal government accountable is through the use of their proper to query the council of ministers. During the Question Hour within the Lok Sabha, as an example, MPs can ask questions that require oral solutions from ministers (starred questions).
  • Only 25 starred questions are taken up in a day, which signifies that not everybody will get to grill a minister and even those that get the possibility lose it if the proceedings are disrupted. Advantage: Government.


A rule on paper

  • Sukhendu Sekhar Ray of the Trinamool Congress stated in Rajya Sabha that no discover underneath rule 267 has been accepted since November 2016. A discover underneath rule 267 seeks setting apart of the listed enterprise of the day to take up a dialogue on a problem that’s being raised within the House.
3. India confirm second medal at Tokyo. Lovely, na?
3. India confirm second medal at Tokyo. Lovely, na?
  • Boxing: Assam’s Lovlina Borgohain (World No. 3, in pic) assured India of not less than a bronze by beating World No. 2 Chen Nien-Chin of Chinese Taipei 4-1 within the ladies’s welterweight (64-69 kg) quarterfinal. (It is barely India’s third medal in Olympics boxing.) Her semifinal bout on August 4 pits her in opposition to Turkey’s Busenaz Surmeneli, the reigning world champion and present World No. 1.
  • Simranjit Kaur, nonetheless, misplaced 5-0 on factors to Thailand’s Sudaporn Seesondee within the ladies’s light-weight Round of 16.
  • Badminton: Rio 2016 silver medallist PV Sindhu beat Japan’s Akane Yamaguchi 21-13, 22-20 to advance to the ladies’s singles semifinals. She faces World No. 2 Tai Tzu Ying within the final 4 as we speak.
  • Hockey: The males’s workforce overcame hosts Japan 5-3 for his or her third win on the trot (fourth general) and sealing second spot of their pool — for the primary time in 41 years. Their opponents in Sunday’s quarterfinal: Great Britain.
  • Earlier, the ladies’s workforce pulled off a late 1-0 win in opposition to Ireland, their first on the Games, to remain in competition for a final 8 spot.
  • Equestrian: Fouaad Mirza, India’s third-ever entry in equestrian on the Olympics, and his horse Seigneur Medicott completed a formidable joint seventh on the finish of day one of many dressage amongst 42 opponents.
  • Golf: Anirban Lahiri could not full 18 holes in Round 2 as play was interrupted attributable to unhealthy climate. He is presently tied twentieth. India’s different golfer Udayan Mane is tied 57th.
  • Archery: Deepika Kumari beat Ksenia Perova of the Russian Olympic Committee 6-5 to advance to the ladies’s particular person quarters, the place she misplaced 0-6 to high seed An San.
  • Athletics: Dutee Chand, Avinash Sable and MP Jabir managed to complete seventh of their heats and did not make progress within the ladies’s 100 m, males’s 3,000 m steeplechase and males’s 400 m hurdles, respectively.
  • India was the one Asian nation within the 4 x 400 combined relay occasion, which made its Olympic debut, however they had been eradicated after ending final within the heats.
  • Shooting: Manu Bhaker and Rahi Sarnobat did not make the ultimate after ending fifteenth and thirty second, respectively, within the ladies’s 25 m pistol qualification.
  • Sailing: Nethra Kumanan completed thirty fifth after 10 races within the ladies’s one individual dinghy laser radial occasion. Vishnu Saravanan was twentieth general after 10 races within the males’s one individual dinghy laser occasion. The males’s skiff 49er duo of KC Ganapathy and Varun Thakkar are seventeenth after 9 races.

All updates here

4. CBSE Class XII outcomes boast near-perfect cross rating, rise in excessive scorers
4. CBSE Class XII results boast near-perfect pass score, rise in high scorers
  • Despite a pandemic yr and the CBSE adopting an alternative method of assessment, the Class XII examination outcomes are at a brand new excessive. The cross proportion is at 99.37%, up from 88.78% final yr, whereas colleges underneath Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan and Central Tibetan School Administration have scored 100%!
  • The concern amongst college students that inclusion of the Class XI marks in figuring out their last scores can be a drag on their efficiency appeared to have been unfounded. This yr the variety of college students scoring 95% and above is 70,004, up from 38,686 final yr. College principals are saying that increased cut-offs are inevitable. The college students on this bracket represent about 5.37% of the overall quantity.
  • However, there’s a slight dip within the 90%-95% group — down from 157,934 final yr to 150,152 with 11.51% of the scholars on this bracket. There are possibilities of these numbers going up because the outcomes of 1,060 new colleges, which have round 65,184 college students, are but to be declared.
  • Girls vs boys: The margin of efficiency between the ladies and boys has narrowed this yr. The women have scored a cross proportion of 99.67% with the boys at 99.13%. In 2020, the ladies had a cross proportion of 92.15% as in opposition to 86.19% of the boys.
  • Regionwise: this yr as soon as once more, Trivandrum has the most effective cross proportion at 99.89%, adopted by Delhi with 99.84%. From the fourth place final yr, Delhi has now moved to the second.
  • Since the board didn’t conduct the Class XII exams, it didn’t launch a advantage checklist. This yr the board will launch a mixed mark sheet-cum-pass certificates for the scholars.
NEWS IN CLUES
5. Name the world’s largest shopper items maker.
  • Clue 1: It was based in 1837, by an English candlemaker and Irish soapmaker — each US immigrants.
  • Clue 2: Headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, David Taylor is its present CEO.
  • Clue 3: Count Ariel, Gillette, Oral-B, Old Spice and Vicks amongst its iconic manufacturers.

Scroll beneath for reply

6. Debutant Barega pulls a shock; Zverev tames Djokovic
6. Debutant Barega pulls a surprise; Zverev tames Djokovic
A brand new star in long-distance

  • 21-year-old Selemon Barega of Ethiopia gained the lads’s 10,000 metres gold medal, the primary of the athletics programme at Tokyo Games, on Friday, defeating world champion and world document holder Joshua Cheptegei of Uganda. Barega, who had gained no main titles within the 10,000m earlier than Friday, broke clear on the final lap and gained in 27 minutes, 43.22 seconds. Cheptegei took the silver medal in 27:43.63. Jacob Kiplimo of Uganda was third for bronze.

Who’s the quickest girl?

  • Six ladies ran underneath 11 seconds within the heats of the 100 metres. Ivory Coast’s Marie-Josee Ta Lou led the sector with 10.78s, adopted by Jamaica’s Elaine Thompson Herah in 10.82s, and defending champion Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce in 10.82s.
  • Could Florence Griffith Joyner’s world document of 10.49 seconds lastly be crushed 33 years after they had been set? The semifinals (3.45 pm as we speak) and last (6.20 pm) will give the reply.

zverev1

No Golden Slam for Djokovic

  • Novak Djokovic wasn’t merely chasing an Olympic gold medal, he was chasing historical past to grow to be the primary man to win all tennis majors and the Olympic gold in the identical yr — the Golden Slam.
  • As it turned out World No.4 Alexander Zverev of Germany knocked out the 20-time main winner from Serbia 1-6, 6-3, 6-1 in somewhat over 2 hours within the males’s singles semifinals to advance to the ultimate, the place he’ll face Russian Karen Kachanov, who beat Pablo Carreno Busta 6-3, 6-3.

Pool is ablaze

  • South Africa’s Tatjana Schoenmaker set the primary particular person swimming world document on the Tokyo Olympics, successful the ladies’s 200-metre breaststroke with a time of two minutes, 18.95 seconds. Americans Lilly King and Annie Lazor took silver and bronze respectively.
  • Russia’s Evgeny Rylov accomplished a backstroke sweep by including the 200-metre backstroke gold to his 100m again gold. He gained in an Olympic-record time of 1 minute, 53.29 seconds. The silver went to American Ryan Murphy, whereas Britain’s Luke Greenbank grabbed the bronze.
7. Balance proper to privateness and freedom of speech: Bombay HC to media
7. Balance right to privacy and freedom of speech: Bombay HC to media
  • Stressing that its order shall not be “construed as a gag on the media”, the Bombay High Court nonetheless directed the removing of sure movies from information channels and web sites which it stated had been “prima facie defamatory” in nature in opposition to Bollywood actor Shilpa Shetty, whose husband Raj Kundra has been arrested in a pornography case.
  • Shetty, in her swimsuit, had accused the media homes of invading her privateness and making derogatory statements and likewise sought Rs 25 crore as damages. There had been 29 defendants named within the swimsuit, together with NDTV, Free Press Journal, Clapping Hands Private Limited, PeepingMoon.com, Facebook, Instagram, Google, a regional channel from UP known as Capital TV and a youtube channel named Shudh Manoranjan, amongst others.
  • However, the excessive court docket made it clear that it gained’t problem a blanket restraint order as reporting of what was stated by the police in a case underneath investigation “is never defamatory.” Noting that “the line between freedom of press and right to privacy will have to be balanced”, the excessive court docket added that whereas Shetty’s swimsuit raises points requiring a more in-depth scrutiny, “it is not possible to say at this stage that all the statements by all the defendants are of the same defamatory stature.”
8. Mirabai’s silver gets the best cash rewards this Olympics
8. Mirabai's silver gets the best cash rewards this Olympics
  • India’s sole silver medallist so far at the Tokyo Olympics has been assured a sum of Rs 1 crore by the Manipur CM N Biren Singh and another Rs 2 crore by Union Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw — a total of Rs 3 crore (over $404,000) which is tax free. That’s way higher than what other countries give to their Olympic medallists. For the record, P V Sindhu, the 2016 silver medallist, received Rs 13 crore (over $1.9 million at 2016 exchange rates) in cash awards.
  • If Mirabai was a Singaporean, she would have to settle for just $372,000 (Rs 2.76 crore) for her silver medal — though, had she won the gold, she would have received $744,000 (around Rs 5.52 crore). Bronze medallists get $286,000 (approx. Rs 2.12 crore) for their efforts.
  • The US in fact is way down the monetary rewards pole, offering their medal winners $37,500 (Rs 27.84 lakh), $22,500 (Rs 16.71 lakh) and $15,000 (Rs 11.14 lakh) for gold, silver and bronze respectively — amounts which are non-taxable unless the total income of the athlete exceeds $1 million (Rs 7.43 crore). However, it also adds health insurance and college tuition assistance to sweeten the deal.
    What an Olympic medal is worth (1)

And why Mirabai should thank Abhinav Bindra

  • Bindra, the first individual Olympic gold medallist from India, who won the medal at the Beijing Olympics 2008 in the 10-metre air rifle event, won an appeal in 2013 against the income tax department which had wrongly computed an award of over Rs 63 lakh as income, with the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal ruling that “awards in the cases of a sportsman, who is not a professional, will not be liable to tax in his hands as it would not be in the nature of income.”
9. First imprisonment in Hong Kong underneath new safety regulation
9. First imprisonment in Hong Kong under new security law
  • 24 year old former waiter Tong Ying-kit became the first person in Hong Kong to be jailed under the new national security law, for 9 years in a judgement that is expected to have long term ramifications. Accused of driving his motorcycle into three riot police personnel last year while carrying a flag emblazoned with the slogan ‘Liberate Hong Kong. Revolution of our times’, Ying-kit was charged with terrorist activities and inciting secession.
  • The controversial law, enacted by China, led to widespread protests in Hong Kong (HK) in 2019 and last year as well. HK residents and human rights organisations fear that the law will not only severely curtail freedom of expression but also snuff out any political dissidence.
  • As part of its provisions, it allows extradition of anyone in HK accused of a crime under the relevant provisions of the law and be tried in mainland China. Moreover, the interpretation of the law will be as per Beijing’s directives and not according to HK officials. Additionally, the national security law enacted by China will prevail in case of a conflict with any local laws.
  • Reacting to the judgement, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Regional Director Yamini Mishra described the law as “a weapon that will be used to incarcerate” HK government’s critics. The judges, in their order, said that the slogan used by Ying-kit was “capable of inciting others to commit secession” and as such the prison term was appropriate.
Answer to NEWS IN CLUES
Untitled (95)

Procter & Gamble. The shopper items main has announced that Mumbai-born Shailesh Jejurikar (in pic) will be taking over as the global chief operating officer (COO) in October, making him the first Indian to do so. As part of the global succession announcement, Jon R Moeller, vice chairman and COO, will succeed David Taylor as P&G’s president and CEO, effective November 1.

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Written by: Rakesh Rai, Judhajit Basu, Sumil Sudhakaran, Tejeesh N.S. Behl
Research: Rajesh Sharma



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