Can the formation of bad bank earn PSU banks a re-rating?


NEW DELHI: The formation of a bad bank might play a key position in the decision of stress belongings, however analysts say it’s a case of “better late than never.”

On the face of it, the transfer would assist in releasing the administration bandwidth away from the restoration of confused belongings and will expedite the course of on condition that the single entity can be driving decision-making as a lender. Besides, it would deliver transparency in decision-making if exterior non-public sector capital is allowed to take part in the restoration of confused belongings. The actual modalities and the attainable haircuts have to be explored first for gauging the actual affect of it, they mentioned.

What can a bad bank do?

In its newest monetary stability report, the Reserve Bank of India had mentioned that state-owned banks might see their gross non-performing belongings (NPAs) ratio deteriorating to 16.2 per cent in the baseline situation by September 2020, and 17.6 per cent in the worst-case situation.

The bad bank would purchase out confused loans of state-owned banks, and the trade estimates the gross worth of such bad loans at as excessive as Rs 4.5 lakh crore.

Elara Capital urged that the switch will occur at the web e book worth (gross worth minus provisions) carried by banks. The banks are more likely to switch loans the place they’ve already supplied 85-90 per cent, it mentioned.

“As such, the net book value of these loans of Rs 4.5 lakh crore will be Rs 45,000-50,000 crore, or 10-15 per cent of gross value. Bulky bad loans in the road, ports and thermal power sectors could be transferred. As the transfer will take place at net book value, there will be no price discovery and the role of the ARC will be to just pool assets,” it mentioned.

Based on its channel checks, Elara urged that banks might get full money for his or her sale to the ARC. It additionally famous that this was the proposal made by banks and the authorities would announce the precise construction shortly.

Better late than by no means

JM Financial mentioned that whereas the step is in the proper path, swift steps are required on the implementation entrance, on condition that previous makes an attempt at creating such autos, reminiscent of the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund-funded particular function automobile, haven’t been materially profitable.

“In our view, the bad bank creation would have got more benefits to PSU banks had it been established earlier in the asset quality recognition cycle,” it mentioned.

“Balance sheets of PSU banks will see significant change in optical asset high quality and thus might support them in elevating exterior fairness capital, mentioned JM Financial.

Neelkanth Mishra of Credit Suisse additionally believes that it could have been significantly better to launch it maybe 2-3 years again.

Material positive aspects?

JM Financial famous that to make materials positive aspects from the switch of these belongings to the ARC/AMC, the restoration values will have to be higher than present web e book worth of such belongings.

“Most PSU banks hold PCR >60 per cent on the stressed assets created pre-Covid19 and the transfer value is unlikely to happen at a premium to net book value in our view. It will depend on swift realisation of the assets under the new structure for PSU banks to see meaningful gains,” it mentioned.

PCR stands for provision protection ratio.

Mishra echoed the view. But famous that if one transfers the bad loans at e book worth, it could act as a recapitalisation measure. “Banks are not really the big experts in resolving bad loans and it would get them to focus back into the lending mode,” he mentioned.

Edelweiss mentioned that with PSUs, the transfer will enhance bank functioning and fundraising capabilities.

“However, exact modalities, possible haircuts etc. have to be explored first for gauging exact impact,” it mentioned.





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