Haiti Fast Facts

(CNN) —  

Here’s a have a look at Haiti. Haiti makes up the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola within the Caribbean. The jap two-thirds of the island is the Dominican Republic.

(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 27,750 sq km (barely smaller than Maryland)

Population: 11,198,240 (July 2021 est.)

Median age: 24.1 years

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Ethnic Groups: Black 95%, blended and White 5%

Religion: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, different .7%), Voodoo 2.1%, different 4.6%

Unemployment: 40.6% (2010 est.)

1492 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island and names it Hispaniola.

1697Spain acknowledges France’s declare to the western third of the island.

1791Slaves insurgent in opposition to plantation house owners. Toussaint L’Ouverture, a former slave, takes management and writes a structure.

January 1, 1804 – Haiti features independence from France. Haiti is the second oldest impartial nation within the Western Hemisphere after the United States.

1804-1915 Over 70 completely different dictators rule Haiti.

1915 – US President Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to Haiti to revive order. The United States occupies Haiti till 1934.

1946 Army officers take management of Haiti’s authorities.

1949Army officers take management of the federal government once more after rioting breaks out.

1950Army officer Paul Magloire is elected president.

1956Magloire resigns after rioting breaks out; the military takes management of the federal government once more.

1957Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, a physician, is elected president.

1964Duvalier declares himself president for all times and guidelines as a dictator.

1971 – Haiti amends their structure to permit the president to decide on his successor. Duvalier chooses his son, Jean-Claude, who is nineteen.

April 1971 – After his father dies, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier declares himself president for all times. He makes use of a secret police drive known as Tontons Macoutes (bogeymen) to implement his insurance policies.

1986 – Duvalier flees the nation after a revolt. Lt. Gen. Henri Namphy runs the nation and tries to do away with the Tontons Macoutes however fails.

March 1987 – Haiti adopts a brand new structure that requires presidential and nationwide meeting elections by the individuals.

November 29, 1987 – Elections are canceled after terrorist assaults on polling locations. They are rescheduled for January 1988, at which level the individuals elect a civilian president and a parliament.

June 1988Namphy overthrows the brand new authorities and declares himself the president of the army authorities.

September 1988 – Officers of the Presidential Guard seize energy from Namphy. Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declares himself president.

March 1990Avril resigns on account of protests.

December 1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide wins Haiti’s first free election.

September 1991 – Aristide flees the nation after being ousted in a army coup. The Organization of American States and the United Nations lead commerce boycotts to drive Aristide’s return to energy. Many Haitians attempt to flee to the United States however are pressured again to Haiti. Later the refugees are despatched to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

July 3, 1993 – The army authorities agrees to permit Aristide to return and restore his authorities by October 30. They later again out of the settlement and don’t enable Aristide to return.

September 17, 1994 – US President Bill Clinton sends a delegation to Haiti in hopes of avoiding a army battle. The crew contains former US President Jimmy Carter, Colin Powell, and Senator Sam Nunn. The peace deal prevents an outbreak of combating.

September 18, 1994 – The United States sends troops to Haiti to take care of order. The first 3,000 troops land on September 19 in Port-au-Prince.

October 1994 – Aristide is restored to energy. US troops keep in Haiti to take care of order. The United Nations and OAS boycotts finish and the refugees at Guantanamo Bay return to Haiti.

March 1995 – Most US troops depart Haiti.

Late 1995 Rene Preval, a member of Aristide’s Lavalas coalition, is elected president.

April 1996 – The final US troops depart.

December 1998 – UN peacekeepers withdraw.

November 2000 – Aristide is elected president once more; most different events boycott the elections, claiming they’re fraudulent.

February 2004 Rebels and political opposition leaders oppose Aristide’s management and strategies and need him to be faraway from energy. Aristide says he’ll stay in workplace till the final day of his time period, February 7, 2006.

February 8, 2004 Looting and violence unfold all through Haiti.

February 21, 2004 – An International evaluation crew made up of officers from the United States, France, Canada, the Caribbean Community and the Organization of American States arrive in Haiti to current Aristide with a peace plan. He accepts the phrases of the plan, which embrace the appointment of a brand new prime minister, the institution of a bipartisan cupboard, the holding of recent elections to be overseen by worldwide observers and the disarmament of militias, stationed in a lot of the north. The opposition leaders announce the rejection of any plan that doesn’t embrace the instant resignation of Aristide.

February 25, 2004 – US President George W. Bush states that any Haitians trying to enter the United States will probably be turned away by the Coast Guard.

February 29, 2004 – President Aristide leaves for the Central African Republic. Supreme Court Chief Justice Boniface Alexandre replaces him because the nation’s president in a transitional authorities, as mandated by Haiti’s structure.

March 2004American and French troops deploy as a part of a multinational peacekeeping drive.

March 2, 2004 – Haitian insurgent chief Guy Philippe declares himself the nation’s new police chief and requires the re-establishment of Haiti’s military, which Aristide disbanded in 1991. The United States doesn’t acknowledge Philippe as the pinnacle of the Haitian police.

March 9, 2004 – Gerard Latortue, a 69-year-old worldwide enterprise marketing consultant, is called the brand new prime minister of Haiti by the US-backed Council of Sages.

April 2004 – The UN Secretary-General recommends the creation of a multidimensional stabilization operation to help with the state of affairs in Haiti. The operation is known as the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti.

June 2004 – A US-led multinational drive turns over authority in Port-au-Prince to UN peacekeepers.

February 7, 2006 – After scheduling delays and allegations of election fraud, Rene Preval is elected president of Haiti.

February 2007 – Preval has UN peacekeepers in Haiti start an offensive in opposition to avenue gangs in Port-au-Prince.

January 12, 2010 – A 7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 14 miles west of Haiti, destroying most of Port-au-Prince. The earthquake kills an estimated 217,000 individuals and leaves greater than two million homeless.

October 2010 – Cholera breaks out in Haiti, and greater than 6,600 die inside a yr. As of February 2016, Haiti had reported 771,000 cases of cholera and 9,082 deaths because of the 2010 outbreak.

November 28, 2010 – The presidential election is held. In December, the electoral council broadcasts that former first girl Mirlande Manigat has gained however lacks the vast majority of votes wanted for an outright victory. The runoff is scheduled for March 20, 2011.

January 16, 2011 – Former dictator “Baby Doc” Duvalier unexpectedly returns to Haiti after virtually 25 years in exile.

April 4, 2011 – Preliminary leads to the presidential runoff election present musician Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly with 67.6% of the vote in comparison with former Haitian first girl Manigat’s 31.5%.

April 20, 2011 – Martelly is formally declared the president of Haiti by the nation’s electoral council.

May 14, 2011 – Martelly is sworn in because the president of Haiti.

June 8, 2011 – Heavy rain in Haiti results in a rise in reported circumstances of cholera.

July 2011 – According to a US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, UN peacekeepers from Nepal almost definitely brought on the October 2010 cholera epidemic.

October 2011 – A CDC report particulars enhancements made in sanitation and schooling that lowered the mortality fee from cholera in Haiti from 4 p.c to under one p.c. Since December 2010, fewer persons are dying from the illness regardless of a rise in variety of circumstances reported.

November 8, 2011 – Haitian cholera victims have filed a petition with the United Nations demanding compensation for his or her struggling, the victims’ attorneys announce. Haitians who had been sickened are demanding $50,000 every; households of those that died are searching for $100,000.

April 14, 2012 – The Haitian authorities and the World Health Organization launch a cholera vaccination program concentrating on 100,000 individuals.

October 2012 – Dozens die in floods and landslides on account of Hurricane Sandy.

December 2014 – After days of anti-government protests in Haiti, Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe broadcasts his resignation.

January 9, 2015 – A US federal decide in Manhattan guidelines that the Haitian victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak can not sue the United Nations, because it has authorized immunity.

January 16, 2015 – Former Port-au-Prince mayor Evans Paul is sworn-in as prime minister.

February 7, 2016 – After 5 years in workplace, President Martelly steps down, leaving Haiti with no successor after elections marred by allegations of fraud had been postponed. Under the phrases of an settlement for a transitional authorities, Haiti’s parliament will elect an interim president for a time period of 120 days and make sure a consensus prime minister.

February 14, 2016 – The Haitian Parliament elects a new interim president, former head of Parliament Jocelerme Privert.

August 18, 2016 – For the primary time, the United Nations acknowledges its own involvement in the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti.

November 20, 2016 – A presidential election is held with 27 candidates competing.

January 3, 2017 – Jovenel Moïse is formally declared the brand new president of Haiti. The following month, he nominates Jack Guy Lafontant prime minister.

July 14, 2018 – Lafontant resigns amid violent protests sparked by a proposed plan to lift gas costs.

August 5, 2018 – President Moïse broadcasts that Jean-Henry Céant will be the nation’s new prime minister.

March 18, 2019 – The majority of Haiti’s Chamber of Deputies votes to dismiss Prime Minister Céant, whose place has not but been ratified by the nationwide meeting. The no-confidence vote follows current protests over financial circumstances. Jean Michel Lapin is called performing prime minister three days later and is nominated prime minister in April.

June 11, 2019 – The United Kingdom regulator for the British charity Oxfam releases a report regarding Oxfam’s handling of allegations of sexual misconduct in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake. The report finds that the charity “missed opportunities” to deal with “cultural and behavioral issues” of workers in Haiti at the moment. In its responding assertion, Oxfam says it accepts the findings of the fee, and is “deeply sorry for its failure to prevent sexual abuse by its former staff in Haiti.”

July 22, 2019 – Officials announce that Prime Minister Lapin, whose place has not but been ratified by the nationwide meeting, has resigned throughout persevering with anti-government protests. The identical day, President Moïse nominates Fritz William Michel because the nation’s prime minister. This is the fourth such nomination since Moïse turned head of state.

February 23, 2020 – Haiti’s biggest celebration of the year, Carnival, is canceled after lethal protests and gunfire interrupted the primary day of festivities in Port-au-Prince.

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