View: How the government can truly make India’s state-run banks efficient just like their private sector peers


Budget 2021 has lastly made long-awaited coverage pronouncements of a reformist nature in the banking and monetary sector. Governments are susceptible to make bulletins that catch headlines, however quickly fade away with solely half-hearted implementation. One says this with the hindsight of the declaration of divestment of the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) in 2015 and later of Air India.

But real enthusiasm arises from the incontrovertible fact that after declaring that GoI would privatise public sector banks (PSBs), arrange an asset reconstruction firm (ARC) and set up a improvement finance establishment (DFI) amongst others, the administration has began to take steps to implement these. It is encouraging that the finance ministry has already sought timelines from ministries on getting the choices carried out, and that the prime minister himself will monitor the implementation.

Since monetary establishments are inside the administrative management of the finance ministry, these will little question have early implementation. There have additionally been statements from the Reserve Bank governor of the nature of the ARC that might be arrange. These actions portend that GoI will stroll the speak.

There have additionally been some very optimistic statements from Nirmala Sitharaman, expressing her concern about the worry psychosis in public sector undertakings (PSUs) as a result of the overhang of investigative businesses. Last week, she said that India wants massive banks ‘that are nimble and can move fast to take a decision; that are not scared of CVC [Central Vigilance Commission] constantly; that are not hesitating to take risks. We are bringing this culture into the public sector banks’. This is a really welcome initiative.

However, one concern stays. It just isn’t the dimension of a PSB that encourages its professionals to take choices no matter a CVC overhang. It is the incontrovertible fact that if a business choice, taken in good religion, goes awry, the official — and now even non-executive administrators on the board — are seen sitting exterior the workplace of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) inspectors. Even one such case in a financial institution acts as an incredible demotivating issue to the most nimble-footed decision-maker.

Which brings one to the second subject. How can a tradition of fearless decision-making be launched so long as the lengthy shadow of the CBI inspector continues to loom? More so, when investigating a typical ‘good decision gone bad later’, he might not even perceive the nuance of the business components that contributed to the decision-making.

That being so, and factoring in the optimistic sign that GoI needs to ship, right here’s a suggestion. We must acknowledge that the lengthy arm of the regulation can get to any act of misdemeanour, no matter whether or not one is in the public or private sector. This has been amply demonstrated by the ongoing investigations of alleged malfeasance in ICICI Bank and Yes Bank. So, if these private sector bankers can be hauled up for acts of misdemeanours, absolutely, so can public sector bankers. Why have the extra CVC overhangs on these poor public sector decision-makers?

Any quantity of confidence-building statements just isn’t going to assist anybody in taking ‘fearless decisions’ if one hears of 1’s predecessors being commonly summoned by CBI inspectors for choices taken in, say, 2002. Hence this suggestion: since we’re keen to simply accept the integrity of decision-makers in PSBs, why not declare a ‘CVC holiday’ — a respite from the Central Vigilance Commission — for a span of, say, 5 years, and see if there’s a surge in misdeeds. I’m optimistic that there gained’t be a surge.

Public sector bankers are solid in the identical mould as private sector bankers. We needn’t dangle one other sword of Damocles on the former to make sure they act with integrity. All that’s required is a five-year indemnity for business choices, taken in good religion, which can have gone awry. Details relating to who will certify that the choice was in good religion can be simply labored out. Perhaps an impartial committee of retired bankers below RBI, or some such mechanism. If this committee does conclude that it was a premeditated act of fee, then CBI can absolutely step in.

This government has been credited with some very daring and progressive choices. This could be a path-breaking choice that will contribute vastly to boosting morale, so urgently required in the PSB house.

(The author is former comptroller and auditor normal.)





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